Vehicular Cloud Computing

Vehicular Cloud Computing

The contemporary traffic management systems and the current vehicular communication paradigm is outdated and needs to be improved according to the latest technology. For this purpose, vehicular cloud computing is introduced that aims at delivering services that can provide efficiency to vehicles and enhance overall traffic safety. Its structure is designed to make ways for vehicles to share their underutilized resources, such as internet connectivity, computing power, and storage with each other.
With more and more vehicles on the roads, traffic congestion is taking its toll and impacting the traffic management systems. The challenges in the traffic domain are increasing, and emerging technologies, like the internet of vehicles, have the potential to outgrow them. Vehicular cloud computing can aid in the introduction of smart traffic management systems and solutions as well as the internet of vehicles.

VCC Infrastructure

Vehicular Cloud Computing is inspired by mobile cloud computing and conventional cloud computing. Several frameworks and technologies have been developed and introduced to solve issues and problems faced by vehicular networks and to improve and enhance intelligent transportation systems. The cots-effectiveness that vehicular cloud computing offers allow the end-users to refrain from investing in cloud computing in the shape of buying it as it offers an on-demand subscription. The scalability and VANET mobility issues are solved by vehicular cloud computing by using the vehicles’ underutilized resources for a brief period of time.

The Processes

The sensors within the vehicles allow the initiation of data processing and collection, which is then sent to the vehicle’s local repository for processing. Then, the application programming interface transmits the processed data to the actuators or the related hardware to ring warnings and alarms according to the situation.
The communication process initiates with in-car communication, which is basically a communication device of the car itself. If the requirement exceeds the resource-provision potential of the device, however, the second level of information and resource sharing on a vehicle to vehicle basis begins.
Complementary services, such as tolls and parking, communication services, such as road traffic information and the global positioning system (GPS), and contextual services, like the driver’s behaviour and much more, are a part of the offerings of vehicular cloud computing.
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VANETs

Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) plays an essential role in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). It enables the development of a huge number of vehicular applications, including infotainment, traffic efficiency, and traffic safety applications. VANET itself has distinctive properties, like dynamic topology and high speed. Not only researchers but manufacturers as well are quickly realizing the significance of these applications and are implementing rules and standards that give way to emerging technologies.
A major sub-field within the intelligent transportation systems is the traffic management system that adheres to road safety and the flow of road traffic. VANET enables the various resources and data to be shared, integrated, and configured among different vehicles that sense them and consequently store and process them in cloud computing form. The process enhances quick and efficient decision making to achieve road safety and traffic management.

V2i And V2V Applications for Road Traffic Management

Vehicular networking is also playing its part in bettering the environment and driving safety, and improving the traffic flow by combining with intelligent transportation systems. All these technologies are jointly helping the development of new and effective applications in VANET that use predictive and adaptive strategies for the cause. Here are two examples of the functionalities of these technologies:
  • Intersection Management: It controls the traffic signals to prioritize the lanes that have more vehicles in a queue compared to the other lanes. It can also automatically shift lights to let emergency vehicles get out of traffic quickly.
  • Traffic Information Aggregation: It handles and accommodates the scalability and minimizes the communications bandwidth between the vehicles. For the purpose of avoiding overlaps in aggregation, efficient data collection techniques for the vehicle to vehicle (V2V) communications are used.

Classification of Vehicular Clouds

The interaction of vehicular clouds with sensor clouds and other commercial clouds is important in order to provide comfort to passengers in vehicles, controlling and monitoring safety, and enabling route planning. The requirement of service of a vehicle results in the initiation of formation of a cloud or joining an existing cloud. This leads to the discovery of resources from within the cloud members and dynamic processing and utilizing of the incoming resources. This process allows the vehicles and the drivers to subscribe to the appropriate services at the right time and place as their needs and requirements direct them.

Frequently Asked Questions

A Microservice is the breaking up of traditionally tightly coupled application components into small specialized services that communicate through HTTPS REST and HTTPS API interfaces.
Since Microservices are small specialized services, they can be quickly and efficiently rearranged to accommodate future capabilities unknown at the present time.
Microservices are independent and modular which allows for significant flexibility in communications patterns and often prevent cascading failure.
DevOps is the combination of development and operations into a single function of software development and infrastructure management. The main priority of DevOps is the reduction of barriers to speed of delivery.
DevSecOps empowers everyone in the development process using a security focused tool set to address timely security decisions at speed and scale of each development stage. The main priority of DevSecOps is risk reduction through DevOps security accountability and governance.
Security automation in DevSecOps increases speed of code releases while reducing the risk using static application security testing (SAST), dynamic application security testing (DAST), and code dependency checking.
High business value is realized from quick and efficient response to market opportunities and challenges, optimization for innovation, and reduction of technical debt all lead to superior competitive advantage.
CCT is pleased to discuss your requirements and present a proposal for your review and consideration. Call us today at 1-800-804-9726 x105.

Formation of Clouds

The requirement of a service or services by a vehicle prompts the formation of a cloud after the vehicle publishes its needs. The network starts the process of cloud formation following the following steps:

Discovery

The cloud discovers the appropriate resources that are needed to provide a user with the services that are of interest to them. Storage, sensing, and computing are a few examples of the resources that may be required by a vehicle and discovered by the network. The vehicular cloud provides a Network as a service (NaaS) service to vehicles so that they can connect to the internet using LTE.

Organization

The discovery of the resources follows the organization that takes place in a way that ensures service provision. The vehicular cloud stores the related information to monitor the users and their points of use within the cloud.

Information and Resource Sharing

An optimal sharing of information and resources takes place within the cloud. A vehicle that is approaching an intersection can demand information about the status of that intersection would instantly receive visuals or sensory information from a cloud user vehicle that is currently on that intersection.

Content Storage and Publishing

For the purpose of providing future utility to cloud users, the acquired information is stored and published. Vehicular cloud computing is ever-enhancing that way.

Vehicular Cloud Computing Summary

Vehicular cloud computing solves many vehicular problems and equips the users with resources and information that are directed towards providing them with utility and safety. No matter what sector or industry you operate in, we can provide you with the cloud technology that can help your business stand out and thrive with value addition and bigger ROIs.

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